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www.cnn.com/2003/TECH/biztech/10/02/solar.cells.reut/index.html

 

Discovery may spur cheap solar power

Thursday, October 2, 2003 Posted: 4:13 PM EDT (2013 GMT)

 

AMSTERDAM (Reuters) -- A major European chip maker said this week it had

discovered new ways to produce solar cells which will generate electricity

twenty times cheaper than today's solar panels.

 

STMicroelectronics, Europe's largest semiconductor maker, said that, by the

end of next year, it expected to have made the first stable prototypes of

the new cells, which could then be put into production.

 

Most of today's solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, are

produced with expensive silicon, the same material used in most

semiconductors.

 

The French-Italian company expects cheaper organic materials such as

plastics to bring down the price of producing energy. Over a typical 20-year

life span of a solar cell, a single produced watt should cost as little as

$0.20, compared with the current $4.

 

The new solar cells would even be able to compete with electricity generated

by burning fossil fuels such as oil and gas, which costs about $0.40 per

watt, said Salvo Coffa, who heads ST's research group that is developing the

technology.

 

"This would revolutionize the field of solar energy generation," he said.

 

ST's trick is to use materials that are less efficient in producing energy

from sunlight but which are extremely cheap.

This would revolutionize the field of solar energy generation.

 

Coffa said the materials should be able to turn at least 10 percent of the

sun's energy into power, compared with some 20 percent for today's expensive

silicon-based cells.

 

"We believe we can demonstrate 10 percent efficiency by the end of 2004,"

Coffa said.

 

Following that, ST and others would need to develop production technologies

to make solar cells and panels in large quantities to achieve the $0.20 per

watt target, he said.

 

"Our target is fixed at $0.20," said Coffa, who expects no major

technological difficulties in going from prototypes to mass-produced

commercial products.

 

Renewable energy is an essential part of research for ST, which says its

chip and material expertise can be used to develop future solar cells and

fuel cells.

 

ST said three weeks ago it had found a new way to produce tiny yet extremely

efficient fuel cells that could power a mobile phone for 20 days.

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"It would be the cheapest, cleanest and most abundant energy source ever

developed: the main by-products would be oxygen and water."

 

www.spacedaily.com/news/energy-tech-04zze.html

 

Vast New Energy Source Almost Here

Sydney, Australia (SPX) Aug 25, 2004

 

Australian scientists predict that a revolutionary new way to harness the

power of the sun to extract clean and almost unlimited energy supplies from

water will be a reality within seven years.

 

Using special titanium oxide ceramics that harvest sunlight and split water

to produce hydrogen fuel, the researchers say it will then be a simple

engineering exercise to make an energy-harvesting device with no moving

parts and emitting no greenhouse gases or pollutants.

 

It would be the cheapest, cleanest and most abundant energy source ever

developed: the main by-products would be oxygen and water.

 

"This is potentially huge, with a market the size of all the existing

markets for coal, oil and gas combined," says Professor Janusz Nowotny, who

with Professor Chris Sorrell is leading a solar hydrogen research project at

the University of New South Wales (UNSW) Centre for Materials and Energy

Conversion.

 

The team is thought to be the most advanced in developing the cheap,

light-sensitive materials that will be the basis of the technology.

 

"Based on our research results, we know we are on the right track and with

the right support we now estimate that we can deliver a new material within

seven years," says Nowotny.

 

Sorrell says Australia is ideally placed to take advantage of the enormous

potential of this new technology: "We have abundant sunlight, huge reserves

of titanium and we're close to the burgeoning energy markets of the

Asia-Pacific region. But this technology could be used anywhere in the

world."

 

"It's been the dream of many people for a long time to develop it and it's

exciting to know that it is now within such close reach."

 

The results of the team's work will be presented in Sydney on 27 August to

delegates from Japan, Germany, the United States and Australia at a one-day

International Conference on Materials for Hydrogen Energy at UNSW.

 

Among them will be the inventors of the solar hydrogen process, Professors

Akira Fujishima and Kenichi Honda. Both are frontrunners for the Nobel Prize

in chemistry and are the laureates of the 2004 Japan Prize.

 

Since the Japanese researchers' 1971 discoveries, science has made major

advances in achieving one of the ultimate goals of science and technology -

the design of materials required to split water using solar light.

 

The UNSW team opted to use titania ceramic photoelectrodes because they have

the right semiconducting properties and the highest resistance to water

corrosion.

 

Solar hydrogen, Professor Sorrell argues, is not incompatible with coal. It

can be used to produce solar methanol, which produces less carbon dioxide

than conventional methods. "As a mid-term energy carrier it has a lot to say

for it," he says.

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Scientist grew a thick skin

 

October 27, 2004

 

Jacques Benveniste

Biologist and immunologist.

Born Paris, March 12, 1935.

Died Paris, October 4, aged 69.

 

WHETHER as a martyr to the establishment or as a dedicated researcher whose rigour was outstripped by his desire to believe, Jacques Benveniste will be remembered for his leading role in one of the biggest scientific controversies of the past 50 years.

 

Benveniste was the French biologist and immunologist who discovered what is poetically known as the memory of water.

 

In experiments conducted at his laboratory, solutions of antibodies, an allergen, were dissolved in water which was repeatedly diluted until there was no longer any trace of the original antibody molecules. And yet, when this water was used in an allergy test, the response was just as powerful as if it had been produced by the full-strength allergen.

 

How could the substance continue to act when its molecules had disappeared? If Benveniste's results were accurate, then here was a discovery with enormous implications for conventional medicine.

 

More controversially, these findings suggested a mechanism that might account for the effectiveness of homoeopathic medicine, whose scientific foundations have never been established.

 

Benveniste's results were published in Nature in 1988, and then promptly discredited by that same publication. The ensuing debate raged around the world. Benveniste refused to retract his claims and fell foul of French scientific authorities. There were calls for his resignation, and his laboratory was closed. All of which was bitterly ironic, for up to that point he had enjoyed an exemplary career.

 

Benveniste studied medicine in Paris and rose to become a head of clinic at his medical faculty in 1967. Two years later he chose to dedicate himself to research, working in France and the US and gaining an international reputation as a specialist on the mechanisms of allergies and inflammation. This was the field in which he established his credentials as a plausible candidate for the Nobel prize.

 

Chief among his achievements was his discovery, in 1971, of the platelet-activating factor, or PAF-acether, which plays an important role in immune reactions and inflammations and has particular implications for asthma. This breakthrough led to the development of new ways of approaching inflammation.

 

In 1973 Benveniste joined France's leading medical research body, the Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale (INSERM), where he continued to work on inhibiting the PAF and eventually discovered an inhibiting molecule.

 

It was in his INSERM laboratory that Benveniste became interested in the mysteries of homoeopathy, which has always been outside the scientific mainstream. He later recalled his scepticism when approached by a new staff member who wanted to subject homoeopathic preparations to his allergy test. This was in the mid-1980s.

 

When initial results showed that the allergen continued to produce effects in spite of being diluted into molecular nothingness, Benveniste ordered more tests. These continued for two years and the results were still positive. Five external laboratories were asked to try the same experiment, and confirmed the findings.

 

Publication in Nature followed. However, the magazine's editor, John Maddox, and his colleagues were sceptical, and the paper was accepted on condition that Benveniste's laboratory procedures would be tested subsequently.

 

It is here that talk of witch-hunts begins. The team that accompanied Maddox to INSERM comprised a magician well-versed in the techniques of trickery (James Randi, already known for unmasking the cutlery-bending tricks of Uri Geller) and a journalist who had written about scientific fraud. Predictably, some observers felt, their report in the next issue of Nature described Benveniste's results as a delusion.

 

From potential national hero, Benveniste became a laughing stock. There were calls for his resignation, but although he eventually lost his laboratory, he kept his position. Philippe Lazar, director of INSERM and an old friend of Benveniste, saw him as an honest man who lacked critical sense when interpreting his results, and suggested that these could have been caused by repeated contamination of test-tubes.

 

Others saw the dismissive reaction of the scientific community as symptomatic of its rationalist monoculture, blaming it at best on a lack of imagination, at worst on doctrinaire intolerance. The debate rumbles on but in the world of mainstream science, as represented by Nature, it is considered closed.

 

A man of courage and perseverance, Benveniste persisted with his work, however.

 

Claiming that he was making progress and that his experiment would soon be perfectly reproducible, he argued: "Error is part of the scientific process. It is because Newton was mistaken that we had Einstein. I have been ostracised because I have purportedly made a mistake."

 

In 1997 Benveniste set up his own company to finance and find applications for his research. At this stage he was exploring electromagnetism as the explanation for his memory of water findings and moved on to the idea that this, rather than chemical interaction, was the basis of all communication between molecules.

 

According to its website, the company has filed six patents and has a contract with an American company to develop one of them.

 

By the time of his death while undergoing heart surgery, Benveniste claimed to have found ways of digitally encoding molecular information and transmitting it via email. As he wrote in August 2003, "an anti-coagulant was digitised in San Diego using our techniques. The file/signal, received by email in Clamart [near Paris], was diffused in water and inhibited coagulation the way the original molecule would have done".

 

Incredible? Benveniste had a ready answer: "Imagine the perplexity of Archimedes confronted with a telephone, and being told that by using it he could be heard on the other side of the world, were we not to explain the nature of soundwaves or their translation into electromagnetism."

 

Twice married, Benveniste is survived by five children.

 

The Times

http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/commo...5E30417,00.html

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Wednesday, November 10, 2004 10:56 PM

 

 

Inventor to MalacaÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Â ÃƒƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¾Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’…¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚±ang: Pls. release records of my invention

 

By JOJO DUE

TODAY Reporter

 

 

ANGELES CITY - The inventor of a fuel-saving and emission-reducing device, whom President Arroyo presented with the Most Outstanding Invention Award last year, has asked Malacanang to release the records of his invention to help ease the countryÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¾ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢s economic crisis besides letting the world know that a solution to the pollution problem can be found in the country.

 

 

Pablo Planas, 67, inventor of the Khaos Super Turbo Charger, said his fuel-saving and emission-reducing device would help the countryÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¾ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢s economy if the President releases the records of his invention, which dates to as far back as 1973.

 

 

Planas claimed that the records showing the effectiveness of his device at controlling emission, improving engine performance and reducing fuel consumption are stored in MalacaÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Â ÃƒƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¾Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’…¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚±ang since President MarcosÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¾ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢s time.

 

 

The inventor from San Juan, Metro Manila, said he joined an international competition in the country in 1974. It was participated in by 27 foreign and 17 local inventors.

 

 

The committee in charge of the competition was composed of then Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile, Energy Minister Geronimo Velasco and Public Works Minister Alfredo Juinio. Planas won the competition, but the records of his invention were not released.

 

 

ÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’‚¦ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã¢â‚¬Å“I want the people to know that the solution to the pollution problem in the world could possibly be found in the Philippines through this device, as it cuts harmful emissions caused by unburned fuel. It would also help the economy as it saves fuel and improves engine performance that would cut spending, both for consumers and the government,ÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’…¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚ he said.

 

 

Costing P6,500 each, the Khaos Super Turbo Charger took Planas several months of experimentation and a few more months to build the prototype, which he said was the one entered into the international competition.

 

 

Planas claims that the device can help vehicle owners cut down fuel consumption by 15 to 50 percent. He further claims that his invention reduces emissions by 99 percent and that it would take only 15 minutes to install the device if the engine being fitted is in good condition.

 

 

These benefits are further boosted by the fact that the device can be used, as Planas claimed, for a lifetime and needs only water and soap to clean. It comes with a cheap scrubbing pad filter that can either be cleaned or replaced by the owner.

 

 

Planas filed for a patent at the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) first in 1974. Subsequent improvements, however, led to three more applications for patents in 1978, 1985 and 1997. He has now filed for an international patent with the help of the IPO.

 

 

Several government officials have tested the device and he said they had all been witnesses to its effectiveness. Officials include Environment Secretary Michael Defensor, who he claimed saw a zero-emission result, and Energy Secretary Vince Perez Jr.

 

 

He further said that officials of the Land Transportation Office (LTO), whom he met with a few months ago, have endorsed his turbo-charger device.

 

 

Planas explained that emissions are caused by carbon deposits in spark plugs that prevent the proper combustion of fuel, particularly when the vehicle is running idle, resulting in unburned fuel that contribute to pollution-causing emissions.

 

 

ÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’‚¦ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã¢â‚¬Å“The Khaos Super Turbo Charger adds air during the combustion process during idling that provides the ideal air-gas mixture and burns fuel efficiently. This not only saves fuel but also reduces emissions caused by unburned fuel and at the same time improves engine performance,ÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’…¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚ he said.

 

 

He said he had been offered at least $100 million by US-based firms who want to buy his invention but that he refused all of them as he wants the world to know that the solution to the more than 120-year-old pollution problem could possibly be found in the Philippines.

 

ÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’‚¦ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã¢â‚¬Å“Of course I would want to sell the device worldwide to help reduce pollution, which has created problems for our planet. But I would want the world to know that it came from the Philippines and this would help the economy through its earnings,ÃÆâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâ€Â ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¢ÃƒÆ’¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚¬Ãƒâ€¦Ã‚¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬Ãƒâ€Â¦ÃƒÆ’‚¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚¬ÃƒÆ’Æâ€â„¢ÃƒÆ’ƒÂ¢Ãƒ¢Ã¢Ã¢â€š¬Ã…¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚¬ÃƒÆ’…¡ÃƒÆ’â€Å¡Ãƒƒâہ¡ÃƒÆ’‚ he said.

 

http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/NewsStory.aspx?...ncial&OID=63163

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Posted on Sun, Nov. 14, 2004

Encinitas student takes top prize in regional science contest

 

Associated Press

 

 

BERKELEY, Calif. - A 17-year-old San Diego County student who developed a prototype for a device that transfers the energy from ocean waves into electricity won the chance Saturday to compete in a prestigious national science competition .

 

Aaron Goldin, a senior at San Dieguito High School Academy in Encinitas, Calif., placed first in the western regional finals of the Siemens Westinghouse Competition in Math, Science & Technology.

 

The title of Goldin's project itself is a mouthful - "Autonomous Gyroscopic Ocean Wave Powered Generator: Invention of a New Energy Wave Conversion Technology." But he created his invention in his garage, using old tape recorders and cast-off household appliances for parts.

 

Despite its humble origins, the gyroscope-powered generator was praised as a model of "elegance and simplicity" by Roger Falcone, a physics professor at the University of California, Berkeley.

 

"This young man made not just an incremental advance in a critically important field, but a truly original invention," Falcone said.

 

Goldin said that in developing the device he paired his longtime concern for the environment with his lifelong love of tinkering.

 

"I've always been concerned about how energy has been produced and how it affects the planet and its effect on the ecosystems and ultimately how it will affect our ability to live on this planet," he said. "I've always liked building things and taking them apart."

 

As the silver medal winner in the individual category, Goldin was awarded a $3,000 college scholarship and the right to compete in the national Siemens Westinghouse Competition, to be held Dec. 3-6 in Washington, D.C. The grand prize for the national contest is a $100,000 scholarship

 

Two seniors at Highland High School in Palmdale, Calif., Steve Frehn and Andrew Deagon, shared the top team honors with their research on improving the efficiency of electrically powered artificial muscles.

 

The pair were awarded a $6,000 scholarship to split and can also advance to Washington for next month's national competition, one of the most prestigious science competitions for high school students in the United States.

 

A panel of judges from the University of California, Berkeley chose all the winners.

 

ON THE NET

 

www.siemens-foundation.org

 

http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews...10177191.htm?1c

 

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http://www.itv.com/news/world_1628113.html

 

Chip in brain gives man mind control

4.50PM, Thu Mar 31 2005

 

 

Revolutionary surgery has enabled a man paralysed from the neck down to open his email and play video games using mind control.

 

The victim of a knife attack which severed his spinal cord, 25-year-old Matthew Nagle, from the US, was told four years ago he would never walk again.

 

Now thanks to a chip implanted in his brain that reads his mind he can work a computer and turn the television on and off.

 

Scientists say the implant could one day enable the severely paralysed to regain the use of their limbs and has given fresh hope to some disabled people that they may walk again.

 

The process is at the clinical stage with Mr Nagle, from Weymouth, near Boston, Massachusetts, who is wired up to a computer, but a system in miniature could be available in five or six years, experts say.

 

The implant is the work of Professor John Donoghue, an expert in neurotechnology at Brown University, Rhode Island, USA.

 

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This was the Great White Hope at the Australian National University a quarter century ago. After all the patent and infighting problems it has finally been able to see the light of day. It is an outstanding invention and it's a pity the inventor died so long ago. It will help a little to clean up what is potentially one of mankind's worst legacies to the planet eg.

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,18...1509979,00.html ,

http://www.dawn.com/2005/04/15/int14.htm and http://www.spacewar.com/nukewars.html .

 

...

 

http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200504/s1346616.htm

 

Last Update: Saturday, April 16, 2005. 6:21am (AEST)

Aust invention to clean up nuclear waste site

 

An Australian invention that immobilises radioactive waste is to be used to

clean up five tonnes of nuclear waste at Sellafield in the United Kingdom.

 

Synroc is a synthetic rock that entraps plutonium and can be used to prevent

it from being used to manufacture weapons.

 

The Sellafield clean-up will be made possible by 25 years of research at the

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO).

 

ANSTO executive director Ian Smith says Synroc can prevent environmental

contamination and means nuclear technology can be used without its offcuts

falling into the hands of those who want to make weapons.

 

"It puts that material out of touch and it securely locks this material away

for millions of years," Dr Smith said.

 

"In this case [in Sellafield], it represents a way of restraining plutonium

so that it can't escape into the environment and can't be separated for any

weapons use," he said.

 

"Over the past two years, ANSTO has worked to develop a tailor-made

glass-ceramic matrix to imprison the Sellafield waste ready for long-term

storage and eventual permanent disposal," Dr Smith added in a statement.

 

"The matrix is specifically designed for their particular needs, as ANSTO's

technology can be adapted for a variety of radioactive waste requirements."

 

Synroc has been around since the 1970s but Dr Smith says the Sellafield

project is the first demonstration of how it can be adapted to meet the

specific needs of different nuclear sites.

 

ANSTO hopes to use the Sellafield clean-up as a pilot program for other

initiatives.

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"We're aiming for under two litres per 100 kilometres which is about a five or sixfold reduction on your average car."

 

http://www.terradaily.com/news/energy-tech-05zl.html

 

Green Machine Drives For Ultra Fuel Savings

Brisbane, Australia (SPX) Apr 27, 2005

 

It's called the UltraCommuter - a clean, light, solar-electric concept car that will use 83 per cent less fuel and emit 87 per cent less greenhouse gases than a Holden Commodore.

A foam model of the hybrid car was unveiled today at the RACQ's 100th birthday celebrations at the Queensland Museum, Brisbane.

 

Students from UQ's Sustainable Energy Research Laboratory are building a working model of the UltraCommuter which they hope to have on the road within a year.

 

UltraCommuter coordinator Dr Geoff Walker said the car was driven by two electric motors, one in each rear wheel, which were powered by a lithium ion battery pack.

 

Dr Walker said it would have a driving range of 500 kilometres with the addition of a gas tank and a top speed of 150 kilometres an hour.

 

Filling the car with fuel would be as easy as parking in the sun to recharge the battery pack using the 2.5 square metres of transparent solar cells on the bonnet and back windscreen.

 

A summer day would "top-up" the battery pack by about 50 kilometres.

 

No sun? Plug the car into a home powerpoint and recharge it overnight.

 

The car would only weigh about 600 kilograms thanks to an aluminium and carbon-fibre body which was designed for its low drag aerodynamics including wheel covers to cut down wheel drag.

 

Dr Walker said using good aerodynamics and lightweight materials would reduce its energy needs and improve its range and performance.

 

"It's not too radical. It's still a two-seater car that people can sit in and commute in and get quite dramatic improvements in economy," Dr Walker said.

 

"We're aiming for under two litres per 100 kilometres which is about a five or sixfold reduction on your average car."

 

He said the car's top speed could be boosted at the sacrifice of acceleration.

 

The UltraCommuter project had cost hundreds of thousands of dollars, but he said the group wanted to challenge the car industry and show off the car's energy efficiencies at international exhibitions.

 

There are several PhD theses riding on the success of the UltraCommuter involving the wheel motors, design concepts and energy consumption.

 

The UltaCommuter project was born out in 2000 out of UQ's award winning solar car project - SunShark.

 

"We decided that we'd take all we knew about making very slippery, efficient vehicles and apply it to a real car that people could actually register and drive," Dr Walker said.

 

The UltraCommuter car body will tour Queensland for the next 18 months as part of RACQ's touring roadshow on the history of Queensland motoring: Bulldust to Bitumen and Beyond.

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